Supportive Scientific References:

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Supportive Scientific References:
1. Wilke, Dr. Muscle, Studies in Biology, 2nd Ed., London, A Edward Ltd, 1979.

2. MacGregor RJ. Neural and Brain Modeling, San Diego, Academic Press Inc., 1987.

3. Guyton AC. Human Physiology and Mechanisms of Disease. 3rd Ed. Philadelphia: WB Saunders Co; 1982.

4. Griffin CJ. Temporomandibular joint dysfunction and the brain stem reticular formation. Aust dent J. 9(6);524. 1964.

5. King EE, Minz B, and Bigelow. The effect of the brain stem reticular fomation on the linguomandibular reflex. J. Comp Neurology 102(3):565, 1955.

6. Jankelson B, et al. Kinesiometric Instrumentation: A New Technology. J. Am Dent Assoc, 90:834-840, April 1975.

7. Hunnam AG et al, The Kinesiographic measurement of jaw displacement, J of Prosth. Dent. Vol 44:88-93, July 1980.

8. Moller, E Clinical electromyography I dentistry. Int Dental J. 19:250-266, 1969.

9. Mannheimer JS and Lamp GN. Clinical Transcutaneous Electrical Nerve Stimulation. 5th Ed. Philadelphia FA Davis Co. 1985.

10. Kasman GS, Cram JR and Wolf SL. Clinical Application sin Surface Electormyography. Gaithersburg, Maryland, Aspen Publishers Inc. 1998.

11. Soderberg GL. Ed. Selected Topics in Surface Electromyography for Use in Occupational Setting: Expert Perspectives, U.S. Dept of health and Human Services. DHHS Pub No 91-100, March 1992.

12. Travell JG and Simons DG. Myofascial Pain and Dysfunction: The Trigger Point Manual, Baltimore MD. Williams and Wilkins, 1993.

13. Phillips C. The modification of tension headache pain using EMG biofeedback. Behav Res Ther, 15:119, 1977.

14. Konchak P., et al. Freeway space measurement using mandibular Kinesiograph and EMG before and after TENS. The Angle Orthodontist, pp. 343-350 Oct 1988.

15. Wessberg GA, et al. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation as a adjunct in the management of myofascial pain dysfunction syndrome. J. Of Prosth Dent. Vol 45, No 3, March 1981.

16. Dixon HH and Dickel HA. Tension headache. J. Northwest Medicine. Vol 66 pp 817-920, Sept 1967.

17. Dixon HH and O’Hara M. Fatigue contracture of skeletal muscles. J. Northwest Medicine. Vol 66 pp 813-815. Sept 1967.

18. Lasanga M and Orlandi C. Modificazioine die flussi ematici musculocantei indott dollo stimulazione neurale transcutanea isichemia e dolore nella patologia occlusale. J Odontostromatogiea e Lymplantopratessi, 1986.

19. Rodbard S and Pragay EB. Contraction frequency, blood supply and muscle paoin. J. Of Applied Physioloyg. Vol 24, No. 2 Feb, 1968.

20. Jankelson B et a. The Mmyo-moniotr: Its use and abuse, Quintessence Internation 9(2), Quintessence Pub, 1978.

21. Wilkie DR, Ibid.

22. Lasagna M and Orlandi C. Ibid.

23. Thomas, NR Utilization of electromyographic spectral analysis in the diagnosis and treatment of craniomandibular dysfunction. Neuromuscular Dentistry Anthology Vol. V, Hickmanm DM Ed. Pp. 159-170, 1999.

24. Mohl ND et al, Devices for the dianosis and treatment of temporomandibular disorder: Part III: Thermography, ultrasound, electrical stimulation and electromyographic feedback. J. Prosthet Dent 63(4) 472-477, 1990.

25. Lund JP et al. Use of electronic devices in the diagnosis and treatment of temporomandibular disorders, J. Canadian Dent Assoc. 55(9):749-750. 1989.

26. Dinham R. Treatment of tic douloureux with Jankelson Myo-monitor. J Hawaii Dent Assoc, Vol III, 1970.

27. Vesanen E and Vesanen. The Jankelson Myo-moniotr and its clinical luse. J Finn Dent Soc. 69:244-247, 1973.

28. Wessberg GA et al. Transcutaneous electrical stimulation as an adjunct in the management of myofascial pain dysfuncti0n syndrome. J of Prosth Dent. Vol 45, No 3, March 1981.

29. Panteleo T and Prayer-Galletti F et al. An electromyographic study in patients with myofacial pain dysfunction syndrome. Bull. Gr int. Rech., sc Stomat. Et Odont. Vol 26 pp 167-179, 1983.

30. Konchak P and Thomas N et al. Ibid. 1988.

31. Choi B. On the mandibular position regulated by Myo-monitor stimulation. J Japenses Prosthetic dent. Vol 17 pp 73-96, 1973.

32. Jenkelson B et al. Neural condiction of the Myo-monitor stimulus: a quantitative analysis. J Prosth Dent Vol 34 No. 3 pp 245-253, Sept 1975.

33. Baker LL. Clinical uses of neuromuscular electrical stimulation. In; Nelson RP and Currier DP, eds Clinical Electrotherapy, 2nd ed. Norwalk, CT, Appleton and Lange pp 143-170, 1991.

34. DeVahl J. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation (NMES) in rehabilitation. In: Gersh MR ed. Electrotherapy in Rehabilitation, Philadelphia: FA Davis pp 218-268, 1992.

35. Currier DP. Neuromuscular stimulation for improving muscular strength and blood flow and influencing changes. In Nelson RP and Currier DP eds. Clinical Electrotherapy. 2nd ed. Norwalk, CT. Appleton and Lange pp 171-200, 1991.

36. Morrissey MC. Neuromuscular electrical stimulation in the rehabilitation of orthopedic injury. Phy Ther Pract. 1:20-29, 1992.

37. Kasman GS, Cram JR and Wolf Sl. SEMG triggered neuromuscular electrical stimulation. In: Clinical Applications in Surface Electromyography, Aspen Pub. Pp 193-211, 1998.

38. Lamb R and Hobar D. Anatomic and physiologic basis for surface electromyography. In Selected Topics in Surface Electromyography for use in the occupational setting: Expert Perspectives, U.S. Dept of Health and Human Services, DHHS No 91-100, pp 6-22, 1992.

39. Moller E. Clinical electromyography in dentistry. Int. Dent. Journal. 19:250-266, 1969.

40. Cooper B, Cooper D and Lucente F. Electromyopgraphy of masticatory muscles in craniomandibular disorders. Laryngoscope 101:150-157, 1991.

41. Jankelson RR. Clinical electromyography. In Neuromuscular Dental Diagnosis and Treatment. St. Louis, MO. Ishiyaku EuroaAmerican, Inc pp 97-174, 1990.

42. Jankelson RR. Temporomandibular joint musculoskeletal dysfunction. In:Neuromuscular Dental Diagnosis and Treatment, St Louis Mo. Ishiyaku EuroAmerican Inc pp 249-24.

43. Nordin M and Frankel VH. Basic Biomechnics of the musculoskeletal System. 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Lea and Febiger, 1989.

44. Gossman MR, Sahrman SA and Rose SJ. Review of the length associated changes in muscle: experimental evidence and clinical implications. Phys Ther. 62:1791-1808, 1982.

45. Hagberg M. Occupational musculoskeletal stress disorders of the neck and shoulder a review of possible patholphysiology. In Arch Occup Envir Health, 53:269-278, 1984.

46. Mortimer JT, et al. Muscle blood flow in the human biceps as a function of developed muscle force. Arch Surg, 103:376-377.

47. Veiersted KP, Westgaard RH and Andersen P. Electromyographic evaluation of muscular work pattern as predictor of trapezius myalgia. Scan J Work Envir Health. 19:284-290, 1993.

48. Cooper, BC. Craniomandibular disorder. In: Cooper BC and Lucente FE, eds. Management of Facial, Head and Heck Pain. Philadelphia: WB Sauders; pp153-254, 1989.

49. Tilley L and Hickman DM. TMD-an upper quarter condition. In: Neuromuscular Dentistry: The Next Millenium Vol V. Intern College Craniomand Orthop, 1999.

50. Garry JF Upper airway obstruction and TMD/MPD. Anthology of Craniomandibular Orthopedics Vol II ed. Coy RE, 1992.

51. Jankelson RR, Clinical Electromyography, In: Neuromuscular Dental Diagnosis and Treatment St. Louis Mo, Ishiyaku EuroAmerica, Inc. pp97-174, 1990.

52. Jankelson RR. Effect of vertical and horizontal variants on the resting activity of masticatory muscle. In: Anthology of Craniomandibular Orthopedics Vol IV, Ed. Coy RE, International Col Craniomand Orthopedics, Seattle 1997.

53. Jankelson RR. Op cit pp97-174, 1990.

54. Lippold OC. The relation between itegrated action potentials in human muscle and its isometric tension. J Physiology, 117:492-499, 1952.

55. Molin, C. Vertical isometric muscle forces of the mandible: A comparative study of subjects with and without manifest mandibular pain dysfunction syndrome. Act Odont. Scand. 30:485-499, 1992.

56. Jankelson RR. Analysis of maximal electromyographic activity of the masseter and anterior temporalias muscles in myocentric and habitual centric in temporomandibular joint and musculoskeletal dysfunction. In: Pathophysiology of Head and Neck Musculoskeletal Disorders. Bergamine ed Front Oral Physiol. Basel, Karger, 7:83-98, 1990.

57. Sheikholeslam A and Risse C. Influence of experiemental interfering occlusal contacts on the activity of the anterior temporalis and masseter muscles during submaximal and maximal bite in the intercuspal position. J Oral Rehab. Vol 10 pp207-214, 1983.

58. Risse C and Sheikholeslam A. Influence of experimental interfering occlusal contacts on the activity of the anterior temoral and masseter muscles during mastication. J oral Rehab. Vol. 11 pp325-333, 1984.

59. Bixby G. Clinical Technique for determining appropriate orthopedic-orthodontic mechnaics as verified by the Quin-sectograh, K6-I mandibular kinesiograph and advance Sassouni analysis, In: Neuromuscular Dentistry: The Next Millenium, Hickman ed. P149-153, 1999.

60. Melkonian RW. Relationship of condylar position and vertical freeeway space as measured on the Quint-sectograph and K6-I Mandiubular Kinesiograph. I: Anthol of Craniomandibular Orthop. Vol II Coy RE, ed pp239-246, 1992.

61. Chan, CA: Treating Craniomandibular Dysfunctional Patients Implementing Gnathological or Neuromuscular Concepts. The Application of the Principles of Neuromuscular Dentistry to Clinical Practice, Anthology Volume VI, International College of Craniomandibular Orthopedics (ICCMO), pp. 15-33, 2003.

62. Chan, CA and Thomas NR: Clinical and Scientific Validation for Optimizing the Neuromuscular Trajectory Using the Chan Protocol, Advanced scan interpretation course manual, Las Vegas Institute for Advanced Dental Studies, July, 2004.

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